Namaz e Ayat

This namaaz is wajib in some circumstances like solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, earthquake, storms etc.

Namaz-e-Ayaat:  Important Clarification

Updated 15 July 2009

The World Federation would like to bring to the attention of Mu’mineen a clarification upon the following ruling from Ayatullah al-Uzma Syed Sistani.

ERROR IN ISLAMIC LAWS
In the publication ‘Islamic Laws’, at ruling number 1517, the method of reciting Namaz–e-Ayaat has been described as follows:

Namaz-e-Ayaat can also be offered in the following manner:

We have recently learned that there is an error at the part in bold above and the sentence ‘Bismillahirrahmanirrahim’ cannot be counted as one of the five parts of a surah for Namaz-e-Ayaat based on obligatory precaution (ihtiyat e wajib). The correct method would be as follows:

If you are reciting Namaz-e-Ayaat by dividing the Sura after al-Hamd into five parts then you cannot count ‘Bismillahirrahmanirrahim’ as one of the five verses on its own. Rather, if reciting Sura al-Ikhlas, the following division would be correct:

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim Qul huwallahu Ahad
Allahus Samad
Lam yalid
Walam yulad
Walam yakullahu Kufuwan ahad

So the correct method for the namaz would be as follows:

However, it is better to choose another Sura with five verses, for example Sura Falaq or Qadr.

Question:  I am a follower of the rulings of Ayatullah Sistani, what if I have already prayed Namaz-e-Ayaat previously, in the wrong method?
Answer:  Ayatullah Sistani’s office has confirmed that if someone unintentionally recited the prayer wrongly, then he does not have to offer Qadha.

Question:  I am a follower of the rulings of Ayatullah Khui, does this affect me?
Answer:  No – Ayatullah Khui (ra) regarded ‘Bismillahirrahmanirrahim’ as a verse of the Sura that could be recited as one of the five parts for namaz e ayaat.

A full version of the rules relating to Namaz e Ayaat is also provided here:
Namaz-e-Ayaat becomes obligatory on account of the following four things:

1. Solar Eclipse     
2. Lunar Eclipse

Namaz-e-Ayaat becomes wajib even if the moon or the sun is partially eclipsed, and even if they do not bring about any fear.

If a person delays offering of Namaz e Ayaat till the sun or the moon starts coming out of the eclipse, the niyyah of ada (i.e. praying within time) will be in order, but if he offers the prayers after the eclipse is over, he should make a niyyah of qadha.

If a person did not know about the sun or the moon eclipse, and came to know after the eclipse was over, he should give its qadha only if it was a total eclipse.  If it was only a partial eclipse qadha will not be obligatory.  

3. Earthquake 
(as an obligatory precaution, even if no one is frightened).

If the earthquake was experienced and felt by an individual then Namaz-e-Ayaat becomes obligatory and if it was not recited then the qadha is wajib. If the earthquake was neither experienced nor felt, due to sleep for example, then the recitation of Namaz-e-Ayaat is not obligatory and hence no qadha either. (office of Ayatullah Sistani in London reported by The Council of European Jamats)

4. Any other natural occurrence that happens in the sky or on earth, such as thunderstorm, hurricane, tornado, twister, whirlwind, cyclone, windstorm, avalanche, etc. provided that it causes most people to be fearful and scared.

When earthquake, thunderstorm and other similar events take place, a person should offer Namaz-e-Ayaat immediately, not allowing undue delay.

GENERAL RULINGS

  1. If several events which make Namaz-e-Ayaat obligatory occur together, one should offer Namaz-e-Ayaat for each of them.  For example, if solar eclipse as well as an earthquake take place, one should offer separate Namaz e Ayaat for each of these two occurrences.
  2. Offering of Namaz-e-Ayaat is obligatory for the residents of only that town in which the event takes place.  It is not obligatory for the people of other towns.
  3. If a person realizes that Namaz-e-Ayaat offered by him was void, he should offer it again.  And if the time has passed, he should offer its qadha.
  4. If solar or lunar eclipse, thunder, lightning or any other similar events takes place when a woman is in her menses or nifas, it will not be obligatory for her to offer Namaz-e-Ayaat nor is there any qadha upon her.
  5. If a person doubts as to how many rak’ats he has offered in Namaz-e-Ayaat, and is unable to arrive at any decision, his prayer is void.
  6. Every ruku of Namaz-e-Ayaat is a rukn, and if any addition or deduction takes place in them, whether intentionally or unintentionally, the prayer is void. 

TWO METHODS OF OFFERING NAMAZ E AYAAT

Namaz-e-Ayaat consists of two rak’ats having five ruku in each rak’at. Its method of praying is as follows:

The same procedure is to be repeated as in the case of the first Rak’at.  After you have completed 5 Ruku in the second Rak’at, you will conclude your Namaz-e-Ayaat in the usual way by performing two sajdah, tashahhud and salaam.

Note: It is mustahab to recite Qunuut before the second and fourth Ruku (in the first Rak’at) and before sixth, eighth and tenth ruku (in the second Rak’at).

SHORTER VERSION OF SALATUL AYAAT
Namaz e Ayaat (shorter version) consists of two rak’ats having five ruku in each rak’at.
Its method of praying is as follows:

The same procedure is to be repeated as in the case of the first Rak’at.  After you have completed 5 Ruku in the second Rak’at, you will conclude your Salatul Ayaat in the usual way by performing two Sajdah, Tashahhud and Salaam.

Note: It is mustahab to recite Qunuut before the second and fourth Ruku (in the first Rak’at) and before sixth, eighth and tenth Ruku (in the second Rak’at).